Using a Stock’s Earnings Yield to find Returns Among Growth Stocks

Using a Stock’s Earnings Yield to find Returns Among Growth Stocks

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zacksLet's look at how to use earnings yield to anticipate market sentiment. 

Everybody has suddenly become obsessed with valuations, specifically the P/E ratio. Many are wringing their hands over the P/E being as high now as it was in late 2009.

One of two things will happen: either stocks will go down and correct this, or earnings will go up and address it that way. We all know what happened in 2009. Earnings rose, pushing valuations down … and the market has been going up ever since.

We of course need to keep our eyes on valuations. But, we should also pay attention to the earnings yield as well. A stock's earnings yield measures just that, the anticipated yield (or return) an investment in a stock could give you based on the earnings and the price paid for the stock.

The calculation is the inverse of the P/E ratio:

The P/E of course is the Price / Earnings

So a stock trading at a Price of $35 with Earnings of $3 has a P/E ratio of 11.67. This means it's selling at 11.67 times earnings. Another way of looking at it is you're paying $11.67 for $1 of earnings.

The Earnings Yield is calculated as Earnings / Price

Using the example above, a stock with $3 of Earnings trading at a Price of $35 ($3 / $35) has an earnings yield of 0.0857 or 8.57%. The Earnings Yield, also known as the E/P Ratio, is expressed as a percentage. So a yield of 8.57% would also mean 8.57 cents of earnings for $1 of investment. 

Of course, this is all potential, because prices and earnings change. 

How to use it

The most common way people will use this ratio is to compare it to other stocks and to compare the yields to the 10 Year T-Bill.

Conventional wisdom has it that if the yield on the stock market (S&P 500 for example) is lower than the yield on the 10 Year Treasury, then stocks might be considered overvalued.

If the yield on the S&P 500 is greater than the 10 Year T-Bill, stocks would be considered undervalued.

The theory behind this is that Bonds and Stocks are competing for investors' dollars. And to attract investment interest in stocks, a higher yield needs to be paid to the stock investor for the extra risk he or she is assuming compared to the virtual risk-free investment offered in US-backed Treasuries.

If earnings go up, the yield goes up. If earnings go down, so does the yield. Prices also impact the yield, but they move inversely. If Prices go up, the yield goes down. And if prices go down, the yield goes up.

Forecasting market upturns and downturns with the Earnings Yield

In June of 2007, the yield on the 10 Yr. T-Bill was 4.95%. However, the earnings yield on the S&P 500 was 4.19%. Not much of a risk premium on a risk based investment.

Remember, if the earnings yield on stocks is below the T-Bill rate, stocks are considered overvalued. (I should point out that within months, the market began to falter.)

I also happened to write about the earnings yield in March of 2009. This time, the earnings yield was high. Back then, the earnings yield on the S&P 500, using the 12 Month Projected Earnings Estimate, was 9.51%, compared to the 10 Yr. Treasury of 2.89%.

With yields well above the 10 Year, conventional wisdom said that stocks were 'undervalued'. Of course, they could have continued to get more undervalued. But the market was quickly bid up – resulting in one of the largest rallies we've ever seen.

So where is it now?

Currently, the earnings yield for the S&P is 6.35%, compared to the 10 Year Treasury of 2.84%. So stocks are still the more attractive investment, assuming you're ok with the risk that comes along with it.

The screen

The screen I'm running today looks for the following:

  • Price is greater than or equal to $5
  • Volume (Avg. 20 Day Shares) greater than or equal to 100,000
  • Earnings Yield greater than or equal to 7% (12 Month Forward Looking Estimate divided by the Current Price)
  • 12 month projected growth rate greater than or equal to S&P 500
  • Zacks Rank less than or equal to 2

Here are five of the stocks that made it through this screen:

Click on the interactive chart below to view data over time.

Do you see investing opportunities in today's screen? Use the list below to begin your analysis. 

1. Actavis plc (ACT, Earnings, Analysts, Financials): Develops, manufactures, markets, and distributes pharmaceutical products in the United States, Canada, and internationally. Market cap at $32.20B, most recent closing price at $183.28.


2. Aspen Insurance Holdings Ltd. (AHL, Earnings, Analysts, Financials): Provides insurance and reinsurance products and services worldwide. Market cap at $2.62B, most recent closing price at $39.73.


3. Aegean Marine Petroleum Network Inc. (ANW, Earnings, Analysts, Financials): Operates as a marine fuel logistics company that physically supplies and markets refined marine fuel and lubricants to ships at ports, sea, and rivers. Market cap at $488.79M, most recent closing price at $10.27.


4. Trinity Industries Inc. (TRN, Earnings, Analysts, Financials): Provides products and services to the industrial, energy, transportation, and construction sectors. Market cap at $4.57B, most recent closing price at $58.78.


5. United Rentals, Inc. (URI, Earnings, Analysts, Financials): Operates as an equipment rental company in the United States and Canada. Market cap at $7.59B, most recent closing price at $81.09.


Disclosure: Officers, directors and/or employees of Zacks Investment Research may own or have sold short securities and/or hold long and/or short positions in options that are mentioned in this material. An affiliated investment advisory firm may own or have sold short securities and/or hold long and/or short positions in options that are mentioned in this material.

Disclosure: Performance information for Zacks’ portfolios and strategies are available here(List compiled by Kevin Matras for Zacks Investment Research. You can find the original here.)


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